Answered By: Siu Chen Lim
Last Updated: Jul 29, 2016     Views: 43

Understanding the meaning of fair dealing will help you decide whether your use of NUS Libraries materials is in conformity with the copyright laws of Singapore.

Literary, Dramatic, Musical and Artistic Works and Audio-Visual Materials

  • There are 5 factors you should consider when deciding whether a dealing with a work will constitute infringement of copyright in the work:-
    • Purpose for copying the work. Whether non-profit educational or commercial? 
    • Nature of the work. Is it published or unpublished? Confidential or intended for a wide audience? Factual or fiction? 
    • Amount Copied in relation to the whole work.
    • Possibility of obtaining a copy within a reasonable time at an ordinary commercial price.
    • Effect of use upon the potential market for, or value of, the work. 

Special Deeming Provision When Copying for the Purposes of Research and Study

Where copying is done for the specific purpose of research and study, when deciding what is a “reasonable portion” for purposes of coming within the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act,

  • the Copyright Act deems 1 chapter or 10% of the number of pages a reasonable portion
  • where the work is stored on an electronic medium and not divided into pages, 10% of the total number of bytes or 10% of the total number of words is deemed a reasonable portion 

The content in these FAQs is meant for general informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for legal counsel and does not constitute legal advice.

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